Kadava si yek patrinipen le themengo palal o xulyaripenasko sistemo.
Prezidentikane republike[editisar | modificare sursă]
Kai o prezidento si o chacho shero la administaciyako thai na trebul te kandel o parlimento. Kadava patrinipen anderyarel demokratikane thai bidemokratikane thema:
Zorale prezidentikane sistemurya[editisar | modificare sursă]
Ande zorale prezidentikane sistemurya, o prezidento si vi shero themesko vi o shero guvernamentesko. Nai ekh ekto ministro.
- Burkina Faso
- Mashkarafricani Republika
- Democratikani Republika Kongo
- Republika Kongo
- Kosta Rika
- Côte d'Ivoire
- Dominikani Republika
- El Salvador
- Ekuatorialni Guineya
- Republika Koreya
- Dvipa Marshall
- Federatikane Staturya la Microneziyake
- Serbiya thai Muntenegro
- Sierra Leone
- Phandle Staturya
Pash-prezidentikane sistemurya[editisar | modificare sursă]
Ande pash-prezidentikane sistemurya si ekh prezidento thai ekh ekhto ministro. Ande kadale sistemurya le prezidentes si les chachi administraciyaki zor, ama vi le ekte ministres si les varesave chachimata.
- Bosniya thai Hercegovina
- Cabo Verde
- Palestinikano Xulyaripen
- San Marino
- São Tomé thai Príncipe
- Afrika le Sudosko
- Sri Lanka
- Republika China (Taiwan)
- Ovestutni Sahara (i Sahrawi Arabikani Democratikani Republika government in exile, mostly occupied by Morocco)
Parliamentary republics[editisar | modificare sursă]
Where a prime minister is the active head of the executive branch of government and also leader of the legislature. However, there is also a president who serves as a symbolic head of state in some figurehead capacity. The following list includes democratic and non-democratic states:
- Bangladesh 
- Czech Republic
- East Timor
- Trinidad and Tobago
Constitutional monarchies[editisar | modificare sursă]
Where a prime minister is the active head of the executive branch of government and also leader of the legislature. The head of state is a constitutional monarch who only exercises his or her powers with the consent of the government and is largely a figurehead.
- Andorra (Bishop of Urgell and President of France serve as ex-officio co-princes)
Commonwealth realms[editisar | modificare sursă]
Constitutional monarchies, in which Queen Elizabeth II serves as head of state over an independent government. In each Realm, she acts as the monarch of that state, and is titled accordingly - for example, Queen of Australia. The Queen appoints a Governor-General to each country other than the United Kingdom to act as her representative. The prime minister is the active head of the executive branch of government and also leader of the legislature.
- Antigua and Barbuda
- The Bahamas
- Nevo Zealand
- Papua Nevo Guiney
- Saint Kitts and Nevis
- Saint Lucia
- Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
- Solomon Islands
- United Kingdom
Semi-constitutional monarchies[editisar | modificare sursă]
The prime minister (or equivalent) is the nation's active executive, but the monarch still has considerable political powers that can be used at his/her own independent discretion.
- Nepal (the King gave himself absolute authority for three years in 2005; he has given up absolute power on April 21, 2006, but constitutional government has not yet resumed)
Absolute monarchies[editisar | modificare sursă]
Monarchies in which the monarch is the active head of the executive branch and exercises all powers.
- Saudi Arabia
- United Arab Emirates (federation of absolute monarchies; federal president drawn from hereditary emirs)
Theocracies[editisar | modificare sursă]
- Iran (Iran combines the forms of a presidential republic, with a president elected by universal suffrage; and a theocracy, with an unelected religious leader who is ultimately responsible for state policy)
- Vatican City State
One-party and no-party states[editisar | modificare sursă]
Non-democratic states in which political power is concentrated within a single political party whose operations are largely fused with the government hiearchy.
- People's Republic of China (Communist Party of China)
- Cuba (Communist Party of Cuba)
- Eritrea (People's Front for Democracy and Justice)
- Democratic People's Republic of Korea (Workers' Party of Korea)
- Laos (Lao People's Revolutionary Party)
- Libya (no-party state)
- Syria (Arab Socialist Ba'th Party)
- Turkmenistan (Democratic Party of Turkmenistan)
- Vietnam (Communist Party of Vietnam)
Military Junta states[editisar | modificare sursă]
The nation's armed forces control the organs of government and all high-ranking political executives are also members of the military hiearchy.
- Myanmar (Burma)
Nations currently under military rule[editisar | modificare sursă]
- Mauritania- on August 3, 2005, the military staged a coup and declared a two year transitional military dictatorship
Transitional[editisar | modificare sursă]
States which have a system of government which is in transition or turmoil and cannot be accurately classified.
Systems of Internal Governance[editisar | modificare sursă]
Federal[editisar | modificare sursă]
States in which the federal government shares power with semi-independent regional governments.
- Argentina (23 provinces and 1 autonomous city)
- Australia (6 states and 2 territories)
- Austria (9 states)
- Belgium (Flanders and Wallonia)
- Bosnia and Herzegovina (Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and Republika Srpska)
- Brazil (26 states and 1 federal district)
- Canada (10 provinces and 3 territories)
- Comoros (Anjouan, Grande Comore, Mohéli and Mayotte)
- Federated States of Micronesia (Chuuk, Kosrae, Pohnpei and Yap)
- Germany (16 states)
- India (28 states and 7 union territories)
- Malaysia (13 states and 3 federal territories)
- Mexico (31 states and 1 federal district)
- Kingdom of the Netherlands (a federation of the unitary states of the Netherlands, Netherlands Antilles, and Aruba)
- Nigeria (36 states)
- Pakistan (4 provinces and 1 territory)
- Palau (16 states)
- Papua New Guinea (20 provinces)
- Russia (49 oblasts, 21 republics, 10 autonomous okrugs, 6 krays, 2 cities, 1 autonomous oblast)
- Saint Kitts and Nevis
- South Africa (9 provinces)
- Switzerland (26 cantons)
- United Arab Emirates (7 emirates)
- United States (50 states, one District, two Separate Commonwealths, and 10 Territories)
- Venezuela (23 states and 1 capital district)
Devolved[editisar | modificare sursă]
States in which the central government has delegated some of its powers to self-governing subsidiary governments, creating a de facto federation.
- Spain (17 autonomous communities)
- United Kingdom (Scotland, Northern Ireland, and Wales; England remains under full control of the central government)
Regionalized unitary[editisar | modificare sursă]
States in which the central government has delegated some of its powers to regional governments.
- Chile (13 regions, each one divided into smaller provinces, which are sub-divided into several municipalities).
- Italy (20 regions, five granted 'autonomous' status)
- New Zealand (12 regions, 4 unitary authorities)
- People's Republic of China (22 provinces, 5 autonomous regions, 4 municipalities, and 2 Special Administrative Regions: Hong Kong and Macau)
- Philippines (79 provinces grouped into 17 regions, one granted 'autonomous' status)
- Serbia, significant autonomy granted to Kosovo.
- The Netherlands with 12 provinces
Unitary[editisar | modificare sursă]
see Unitary state
Notes[editisar | modificare sursă]
- In Bangladesh, a Caretaker government takes over for three months during parliamentary elections. The Caretaker government is headed by a Chief advisor (the last Chief Justice to retire), and a group of neutral, non-partisan advisors chosen from the civil scoiety. During this time, the president has jurisdiction over the Ministry of defense and the Ministry of foreign affairs.